Focus - Analysis - Photo report

The first T-90 tanks to be upgraded to the level of T-90M Proryv will be the vehicles of the 7th Russian military base in Gudauta. The base in Abkhazia will receive T-72B3 instead. Upgraded T-90 will go to defend the western borders of the country. The newly built tanks are also delivered there. Experts believe they are only a little bit inferior in running characteristics and armor to the latest T-14 Armata, the Izvestia daily writes.

The proportion of advanced air defense missile systems and radars in service with Central Military District air defense (AD) forces exceeds 70%, the Russian Defense Ministry’s press office said. "As of today, the Central Military District’s air and air defense army operates S-400 Triumf [NATO reporting name: SA-21 Growler] air defense missile systems. In 2020, two air defense missile regiments stationed in the Sverdlovsk Region [in the Urals] and the Samara Region [in the Volga area] will receive another four sets of the S-400 system," the press office said.

Russian Defense Minister Sergey Shoigu addressed the Federation Council. He informed the senators on the state of the armed forces and their development guidelines. Shoigu recalled the state of the Russian army in 2012. The share of modern weapons comprised 16 percent and only 47% were in an operational state, the Defense Ministry said.

Russia earned 15.2 bln dollars in the 2019 arms trade. Over 50 countries purchased its hardware and weapons. The interest in Russian designs increased after their engagement in Syria. Deputy Defense Minister Colonel-General Alexander Fomin told the Izvestia daily about the main Russian partners, successes in the African market and the situation emerging after the collapse of arms control treaties.

In its restructuration program, the U.S. Marine Corps plans to cut tank battalions and reduce infantry units over the next 10 years while investing in new capabilities involving other equipment. “Developing a force that incorporates emerging technologies and a significant change to force structure within our current resource constraints will require the Marine Corps to become smaller and remove legacy capabilities,” the command said.

The 16th lesson of the Syrian war shows that tanks remain the master of the battlefield in modern conditions. Indeed, the experience of warring ground forces showed that tanks remain the key arms. They are the most sustainable among all ground hardware even if the adversary fully dominates in the air. The Russian T-90 and T-72B3 demonstrated high protection against all modern antitank weapons, including U.S. TOW-2 missiles.

The key lesson of the Syrian campaign is that Russia badly needs an aircraft-carrying fleet at least in the minimal number to protect vital interests in potential conflicts and demonstrate strength. Besides, Russia has to have state-owned airlines of Aeroflot scope equipped with domestic aircraft, the Military-Industrial Courier writes.

The United States is no longer a sanctuary, but a target, Kenneth Rapuano, the assistant secretary of defense for homeland defense, told the House Armed Services Committee in Washington today. Jim Garamone, DOD News, reports.

International transfers of major arms during the five-year period 2015–19 increased by 5.5 percent compared with 2010–14. According to new data from the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), the largest exporters of arms during the past five years were the United States, Russia, France, Germany and China. The new data shows that the flow of arms to the Middle East has increased, with Saudi Arabia clearly being the world’s largest importer.

The mission of the Missile Defense Agency (MDA) is defending the U.S., deployed forces, friends and allies from missiles of all sorts. "It's a no-fail mission," said its director, Navy Vice Adm. Jon A. Hill, speaking at the 11th annual McAleese Defense Programs Conference in Washington, D.C. If there's ever a war with a near-peer adversary, "missiles will be coming in fast and maneuvering. It's a tough, tough world. It's hard on sensor architecture and hard on fire control and hard on interceptors," he said. David Vergun, DOD News, reports.

In Syria, Turkish-made armed drones like the Bayraktar TB2 and Anka in the Idlib area have made the army much more effective on the battlefield against the Syrian army. Hence a new doctrine is being formulated for this kind of war instrument.

The JLTV is an Army-led, multiservice initiative to develop a family of future light tactical vehicles to replace many of the High Mobility, Multi-Wheeled Vehicles (HMMWVs) used by the armed services today. HMMWVs, which first entered service in 1985, were developed during the Cold War when improvised explosive devices (IEDs) and other anti-vehicle explosive devices were not a major factor in military planning. The HMMWVs’ demonstrated vulnerability to IEDs and the difficulties and costs experienced in “up-armoring” HMMWVs already in the inventory have led to a renewed emphasis on vehicle survivability. DOD officials have emphasized that JLTVs are not intended to replace HMMWVs “one for one.”