Wheeled 6x6 reconnaissance anti-tank armored vehicle - France
The AMX-10 RC is a French-made wheeled armored vehicle, usually used for reconnaissance and fire support missions armed with a 105mm cannon. The AMX-10 RC was developed at the end of the 1970s. The AMX-10RC entered service with the French army in 1979. It is no longer produced. Over 300 of these vehicles are in service with France. Export operators are Morocco and Qatar. It was designed in the 1970s as a replacement for French Army's Panhard EBR armored vehicle which entered service in the 1950s. In December 2000, the French Army awarded a contract to upgrade 256 AMX-10RC vehicles named AMX-10RCR. The upgrade includes new automatic transmission, a new electro-hydraulic suspension control system, additional armor protection, a battlefield management information system, the Galix self-protection system, a laser warning system, IFF (Identification, Friend or Foe) system, a thermal imager for night vision and PR4G radios from Thales (formerly Thomson-CSF). The AMX-10RC was deployed by the French Army in Chad during Operation Manta in 1983/84, in the Persian Gulf during Operation Desert Storm, and in support of UN operations in Kosovo. In 2005, the French Army will take delivery of the first new upgrade Giat Industry AMX-10RC. On January 4, 2023, French President Emmanuel Macron announced to Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy that France will deliver to Ukraine French-made AMX-10RCs. According to a statement published by the French Ministry on January 13, 2023, the French Ministry of Defense Sébastien Lecornu agreed on the delivery of the first batch of anti-tank armored vehicles AMX-10RC to the Ukrainian army that would take place within two months. According to our source, on February 15, 2023, the first batch of 14 AMX-10RC donated by France was sent to Ukraine.
- AMX-10RCR: new upgraded version with fire control system active protection system and add-on armor
The main armament of AMX-10RC consists of a Giat Industries 105 mm F2 semi-automatic gun with a vertical wedge breech block and a barrel with a thermal jacket and a two-stage muzzle brake. The gun fires four types of Giat Industries fixed ammunition, APFSDS, HEAT, HE, and smoke. The APFSDS round uses the penetrator of the 90 mm Giat Industries APFSDS round and has a muzzle velocity of 1,400 m/s. This will penetrate a NATO triple heavy tank target at a range of 2,000 m. The new APFSDS round weighs 13.1 kg complete, the projectile weighing 3.8 kg. A 7.62 mm machine gun is mounted coaxially to the left of the main armament. Two 80 mm smoke grenade dischargers mounted on either side of the turret towards the rear are electrically fired from within the vehicle. The vehicle is also fitted with a roof-mounted 7.62 mm machine gun. The vehicle commander has six-day periscopes for all-round observation and a day periscope and panoramic M389 telescope with magnifications of × 2 and × 8 which can rotate on 360° and enables the commander to observe the target regardless of the position of the turret. The gunner has three periscopes and an M504 telescope manufactured by SOPELEM and Compagnie Industrielle des Lasers (CILAS) which is the main part of the fire-control system.
|Design and protection|
The AMX-10RC turret is in the center of the vehicle with the commander and gunner seated on the right and the loader on the left. The hull and the turret are in welded aluminum which provide protection for the crew against the firing of small arms fire, flash burns, and artillery shell splinters. The driver is seated at the front of the hull on the left side. The turret is mounted in the center of the hull with the commander and gunner seated on the right and the loader on the left. Both the commander and the loader are provided with a single-piece hatch cover that opens to the rear and the loader has three-day periscopes, one to the front, one to the left, and one to the rear. The engine is mounted at the rear of the hull.
|The AMX-10 RC 6x6 is powered by the Baudouin GF-11SX diesel engine, developing 280 horsepower. The vehicle uses a number of automotive components of the AMX-10P infantry fighting vehicle. The 6x6 suspension at each wheel station consists of a road wheel arm and suspension assembly (link rod, level, and cylinder with the cylinder acting as spring and shock absorber and allowing the height to be adjusted). The suspension cylinders are supplied by a hydraulic pump. One stowage basket is mounted on each side of the turret.|
|The AMX-10RC is amphibious with a maximum speed of 7.2 km/h in water. Water propulsion is provided by two water jets. Before entering the water a trim vane is erected at the front of the vehicle, with a transparent window in the left side to allow the driver to see ahead when afloat. The AMX-10RC is also fitted with a hydropneumatic suspension system, designed and manufactured by Messier Auto-Industrie, which can be quickly adjusted by the driver to suit the type of ground being crossed, this being accomplished without the driver leaving his seat. An NBC system is mounted in the rear of the turret and maintains a slight overpressure in the fighting compartment. For use in cold climates, an auxiliary heater is installed. The vehicle is also fitted with an air conditioning system and night fire-control equipment.|
|One 105 mm gun, and one coaxial machine gun of 7.62 mm caliber. One 7.62 machine gun on the turret||Protection against medium-caliber weapons fire and artillery shell splinters.|
|France, Morocco, Qatar and Ukraine||15,800 kg combat weight|
|Firing control system, laser range finder, firing computer, CBRN protection.||800 km|
|4||Length: 9.15 m; Width, 2,95 m; Height, 2,66 m|
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