Israel accelerates development anti-ballistic missile Arrow 3 against Iranian nuclear program 050313

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Defence & Security News - Israel

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Wednesday, June 5, 2013 03:57 PM
 
Israel accelerates development of anti-ballistic missile Arrow 3 against Iranian nuclear program.
Israel Aerospace Industries, flagship of Israel's defense sector, is accelerating development of its high-altitude Arrow 3 antiballistic missile system amid mounting concerns about Iran's nuclear program. "We're thinking mostly about the nuclear threat," Col. Aviram Hasson, who heads the project, told a conference on Aerial Threats in the Modern Age at the Institute for National Security Studies in Tel Aviv Monday, June 3,2013.
     
Israel Aerospace Industries, flagship of Israel's defense sector, is accelerating development of its high-altitude Arrow 3 antiballistic missile system amid mounting concerns about Iran's nuclear program. "We're thinking mostly about the nuclear threat," Col. Aviram Hasson, who heads the project, told a conference on Aerial Threats in the Modern Age at the Institute for National Security Studies in Tel Aviv Monday, June 3,2013.
Illustration of Arrow anti missile system (Israel Aerospace Industries)
     

Meantime, there was consternation in Israel's defense establishment as a result of an apparent U.S. slip-up in publishing details of classified plans for a heavily protected underground facility that would include four Arrow launch sites.

The shorter-range Arrow 2 variant currently in service with the Israeli air force, which has responsibility for missile defense, can intercept a ballistic missile at a much lower altitude, in the last phase of the missile's trajectory.

IAI and the air force conducted a successful flight test for Arrow 3 Feb. 25 from the Palmachim air force base on the Mediterranean coast south of Tel Aviv although it did not involve an actual interception.

Arrow 3, which IAI is developing with U.S. aerospace giant Boeing Co., is slated to become operational in 2015-16.

It has a range of 1,500 miles, far greater than that of the Arrow 2 variant now in service.

Once the Arrow 3 breaks free of the Earth's atmosphere, the interceptor breaks away from the launch vehicle and carries out a series of maneuvers in space as it locks onto its target, then rams it in a head-on collision.

Weighing less than half the Arrow 2, Arrow 3 does not need to know the exact location of the target missile when it is launched. It locates the incoming missile once it's in space.

     
Two Arrow 2 batteries are providing the top level of a three-tier Israeli missile defense shield that includes the short-range Iron Dome system, built by Israel's Rafael Advanced Defense Systems, and the medium-range David's Sling weapon being developed by Rafael and the U.S. Raytheon Co.
Israeli army Arrow 2 anti-ballistic missile system
     
The United States has pledged $250 million toward Israel's acquisition of four Arrow 3 batteries and is expected, despite U.S. defense budget cutbacks, to provide $680 million for a further four batteries.

Future batteries are expected to hold more interceptors than the current models, which will make them more expensive.

Two Arrow 2 batteries are providing the top level of a three-tier Israeli missile defense shield that includes the short-range Iron Dome system, built by Israel's Rafael Advanced Defense Systems, and the medium-range David's Sling weapon being developed by Rafael and the U.S. Raytheon Co.

Arrow 3 will become the top layer once it's operational. The theory is that whatever missiles get past its interceptors will be destroyed by the lower-altitude Arrow 2s.

 

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