Buk-M3 Viking 9K317M

Medium range surface-to-air defense missile system Russia

Buk M3 Viking SAM medium range surface to air defense missile system Russia Russian defense industry 925 001


The Buk-M3 also nicknamed Viking, medium-range surface-to-air missile system is a modernized version of the Buk-M2 system, features advanced electronic components and a deadly new missile and could be regarded as a completely new system. The system is designed, developed and manufactured by the Russian Defense Company Almaz-Antey. The Buk-M3 system boasts a new digital computer, high-speed data exchange system and a tele-thermal imaging target designator instead of the tele-optical trackers used in previous models. A battery of Buk-M3 missiles can track and engage up to 36 targets simultaneously, while its advanced 9R31M missile is capable of knocking down all existing flying objects, including highly maneuverable ones, even during active electronic jamming. The Buk-M3 can also engage sea and land targets, due to its vertical launch capability. According some Russian newspaper website, the Buk-M3 would be made operational before the end of 2015. In December 2015, the Russian Defense Minister Sergey Shoigu has announced that Russian Armed forces will receive in 2016 the first set of the newest medium-range air defense missile system Buk-M3.

Buk-M3 Viking variants:

No variants at this time

Technical Data

Armament and radar system
A Buk-M3 Viking missile battery consists of two TELAR 9A317M (Transporter Erector LAuncher and Radar) and one TEL 9A316M (Transporter Erector Launcher) vehicle. The TELAR is based on the GM-569 tracked armoured chassis, carries six ready to fire missiles mounted on a turntable that can traverse a full 360°. The turret of the Buk-M3 TELAR includes fire control radar at the front and a launcher with six ready-to-fire missiles on top.  In August 2018, at Army- 2018, International Military Technical Forum in Moscow, the latest variant of the Buk-M3 was showed for the first time to the public with a new launcher turret equipped with two rows of three missile containers. The reloader vehicle of the Buk-M3 Viking is equipped with two blocks of six missiles using the same tracked chassis as the previous version of the Buk family.
Buk M3 Viking SAM medium range surface to air defense missile system Russia Russian defense industry details 925 001
Buk-M3 TEL (Transporter Erector Launcher) vehicle is fitted with two rows of three missile launchers.
The Buk-M3 Viking uses the new 9R31M missile radar-guided surface-to-air missile (SAM) with increased range and enhanced overall performance compared with the 9M38 used on the Buk-M1 and Buk-M2. The Buk-3M’s target-destruction probability has reached 0.9999 and its maximum destruction range has been increased by 25 kilometers and now stands at 70 kilometers. The Buk-M3 is able to destroy any types of air targets from a range of 2.5 to 70 km, with a speed of 3,000 m/s at an altitude from 15 m to 35 km. The Buk-M3 missile has been optimized for the interception of low-flying cruise missiles but can also engage ground and sea targets. The missile system also includes a new digital computer, high speed data exchange system and a thermal target imaging designator replacing optical trackers on previous Buk models. The 9R31M missile is fitted with high-explosive fragmentation warhead.
The Buk-M3 Viking missile system is mounted on an tracked armoured chassis GM-569A as the Buk-M2. The Buk-M3 armoured vehicle is motorized with a V-46 multifuel diesel engine developing 710 hp at the maximum speed of 2.000 rpm. The hydro-mechanical transmission has a two-flow differential arrangement and includes a 4-speed planetary gearbox, an all-gear planetary reverse with a gear ratio of a unit, an integrated torque converter with a lockup friction clutch, summing rows, an input matching reduction unit comprising a bevel and a cylindrical pair of gears, control system pumps and a hydrostatic steering gear. The control of the hydro-mechanical transmission is electro-hydraulic. The cooling system of the engine and transmission system is of an ejection type and uses the traction engine exhaust energy The power required for the cooling system does not exceed 15 hp. The cooling system includes an ejector and a package of liquid-air radiators of the engine cooling and lubrication systems, the transmission oil system and the suspension shock absorber cooling system. The suspension either side consists of six dual roadwheels with the drive sprocket at the rear, idler at the front and four track-return rollers which support the inside of the double-pin track only. The vehicle can run at a maximum speed of 70 Km/h with a maximum road range of 500 km. The crew of 4 is located at the front of the vehicle. The crew enters and leave the vehicle via two large hatches located at the front of the armoured chassis. The vehicle is protected against firing of small arms and shell splinters.
Combat assets
- Target detection Stations
- 9A317M self-propelled fire unit with 6 missile (TELAR)
- 9A316M loader-launcher unit (LLU) with 12 missiles (TEL)
- 9T243M transport and loader vehicle


Type Weight Missile
Medium range surface-to-air defense missile system ?
Armament Range
- Six missiles 9R31M TELAR vehicle 9A317M
- 12 missiles 9R31M TEL vehicle 9A316M
2,500 - 70,000 m
Country user Guidance System
Russia Terminal semi-active radar homing with inertial mid-course and course correction radio datalink updating
Missile head Radar
HE high-explosive fragmentation Phased-array radar
Crew Dimensions vehicle
4 Length: ? m; Width: ? m; Height: ? m

Details View

Buk M3 SA 17 medium range air defense missile system Russia Russian defense industry line drawing blueprint 001
Buk M3 Viking SAM medium range surface to air defense missile system Russia Russian army front view 001 Buk M3 Viking SAM medium range surface to air defense missile system Russia Russian army rear view 001
Buk M3 Viking SAM medium range surface to air defense missile system Russia Russian army left side view 002 Buk M3 Viking SAM medium range surface to air defense missile system Russia Russian army right side view 001

Pictures - Video

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