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China is mulling amendments to its Law on National Defense amid profound changes in the world over the past two decades by adding key formulations, including threats to the country's development interests, as reasons for defense mobilization, and involvement in global security governance. Liu Xuanzun and Liu Caiyu report on Global Times (Chinese website).

U.S. Defense Secretary Mark T. Esper spoke on Oct. 15 about Army modernization efforts that harness new technologies that will benefit the warfighter. His remarks were given during the Association of the United States Army's annual meeting. "Today, emerging technologies are expanding the geometry of the battlefield and transforming how we think about, prepare and plan for war," he said. David Vergun, U.S. DoD, reports.

Russian Defense Minister Sergey Shoigu summed up the results of Caucasus-2020 strategic command-staff exercise in the National Defense Command Center. The minister said the exercise engaged a total of 79,500 men and up to 280 tanks, 450 infantry fighting vehicles and armored personnel carriers, 200 artillery guns and multiple launch rocket systems.

According to the official catalogue of the Kurgan Machine-building Plant (Kurganmashzavod, a subsidiary of Rostec’s holding High-Precision Weapons), since the beginning of the BMP-3’s mass production, more than 1,000 vehicles have been delivered to foreign customers, including the United Arab Emirates [UAE], Kuwait, South Korea, the Republic of Cyprus, Azerbaijan, and Indonesia.

The Caucasus-2020 strategic command-staff exercise was a key combat training exam and a platform to test new engagement tactic. One of the elements was the use of combat tank support vehicles (BMPT). They participated in several tactical episodes, supported offensive and defensive infantry and interacted with tanks, the Independent Military Review writes.

Russian S-300V and upgraded S-300V4 air defense launchers will receive short-range air protection. It will be an option of Pantsir launcher upgraded for the Ground Forces. Pantsir-SM/SV will have a tracked undercarriage instead of a wheeled one like the Pantsir-S1, the Independent Military Review writes. The ground option has to defend S-300V and S-300V4 against cruise missiles, precision weapons and combat drones. The 30mm Pantsir guns will also fight attacks on S-300V on the march and in positions.

The French Ministry of Defense publishes its annual document presenting the major data of its action in recent months. What budget allocated to Defense? How many soldiers deployed on mission? What means implemented during the health crisis? All the key figures can be found in the released document.

The Russian design of a DART analog has been known for long. It has recently joined the round of munitions of T-15 heavy infantry fighting vehicle with the Kinzhal 57mm combat module. It has at least eight places to accommodate smart munitions. Derivatsya with guided projectiles can replace both Shilka and Tunguska. 2S38 ammunition will considerably expand the list of targets. Besides helicopters and drones, Derivatsya will destroy smart bombs and missiles (if armed with guided munitions).

The Russian Ground Forces have radically mounted air defense capabilities of late. However, they lag behind the Aerospace Forces. It is interesting to know which weapons will defend Armata, Kurganets and Boomerang against aircraft, drones and precision weapons, the Independent Military Review writes.

Last July, the Indian Ministry of Defence fast-tracked the emergency purchase of light tanks to counter possible attacks by over 20,000 Chinese troops poised on the Ladakh border along with tanks, artillery, air defence and road construction units, Ajai Shukla reports in Business Standard.

Until 1998, the Russian antiaircraft missile troops were subordinated to the air and missile defense forces. Today, they are a major component of the Russian Aerospace Forces. The latest S-350 Vityaz and Pantsir-SM participated in the latest Victory Day parade together with traditional S-400 and Pantsir-S guns, the Independent Military Review writes.

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