Six European countries agree the delivery to Ukraine of Leopard 2 tanks

Six European countries including Finland, Germany, Norway, Poland, Portugal, and Spain are ready to provide Ukraine with Leopard 2 Main Battle Tanks (MBTs) coming from their military inventories. On January 25, 2023, the Government of Germany approved the delivery to Ukraine of 14 Leopard 2A6, which is one of the most modern variants in the Leopard 2 tank family.
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Six European countries including Finland, Germany, Norway, Poland, Portugal, and Spain agree to supply Leopard 2 tanks to Ukraine (Picture source Army Recognition)

According to the latest information published on the Internet, the donations per country of Leopard 2 tanks to Ukraine would be as follows, Finland no information about the number, Germany with 14 Leopard 2A6, Norway with 36 Leopard 2A4, Poland with 14 Leopard 2A4, Portugal with 4 Leopard 2A6, and Spain with 4 Leopard 2A4.

Currently, twelve countries from all over the world have already agreed to supply Ukraine with around 100 Leopard 2 tanks in different variants. Of course, all the delivery of Leopard 2 tanks to Ukraine must be approved by Germany due to international policies of military equipment sale. Germany has to approve the export license if countries want to supply some of their tanks to a third nation, such as Ukraine.

The Netherlands is also considering delivering Leopard 2 tanks to Ukraine although the Dutch Government has not made any decision yet.

According to our source, the other countries have different variants of the Leopard 2:

- Finland: 100 Leopard 2A6 in service and 100 Leopard 2A4 in store
- Germany: 223 leopard 2A5/2A6 in service, 98 Leopard 2A7/2A7V, 55 Leopard 2A4 in store
- Norway: 36 Leopard 2A4 in service and 16 in store
- Poland: 97 Leopard 2A4, 105 Leopard 2A5, and 45 Leopard 2PL
- Portugal: 37 Leopard 2A6 in service
- Spain: 108 Leopard 2A4 and 219 Leopard 2E, a Spanish variant of the German-made Leopard 2A6.

Six European countries agree the delivery to Ukraine of Leopard 2 tanks 925 002
Many countries in Europe have Leopard 2 Main Battle Tanks in their military inventory.

The Leopard 2 is a main battle tank developed by the German company Krauss-Maffei Wegmann (KMW). There are several versions of the Leopard 2, the main variants are:

- Leopard 2A4: The original version of the tank, which entered service in 1979.
- Leopard 2A5: An upgraded version of the 2A4, with improved armor, a new fire control system, and other enhancements.
- Leopard 2A6: A further upgraded version of the 2A5, with additional armor and improved weapons systems.
- Leopard 2A7: The latest version of the tank, which has improved protection and mobility, as well as a modified turret and new communications systems.
- Leopard 2A7+: An advanced version of the 2A7 with a new turrets, sensor and communication systems
- Leopard 2A7V: an improved variant of the Leopard 2A7 main battle tank, developed for the German Army. It features several enhancements over the standard 2A7, including improved armor, a new powerpack, and other advanced systems. The "V" in the designation stands for "Verbessert" which means improved in German. It has been designed to meet the requirements of the German army and is equipped with a range of advanced technologies, including active protection systems and a new remote-controlled weapon station. The Leopard 2A7V is also equipped with a new power pack, which provides more power and improved mobility. It is considered to be the most advanced variant of the Leopard 2 tank

The armament of the Leopard 2 main battle tank varies depending on the variant, but typically includes a 120mm smoothbore cannon as the main weapon, as well as a 7.62mm machine gun and a 12.7mm heavy machine gun.

The 120mm smoothbore cannon is the primary weapon of the tank and is capable of firing a variety of rounds, including high-explosive, armor-piercing, and canister shots. It has a range of around 2,000 meters.

A 7.62mm machine gun is mounted coaxially to the main armament which is used to engage infantry or other "soft" targets where the use of shots from the main gun would be dangerous, ineffective, or wasteful.

The 12.7mm heavy machine gun is typically mounted on the roof of the turret and is used for engaging light armored vehicles and low-flying aircraft.

Some variants like the Leopard 2A7+ and 2A7V are fitted with Remote Control Weapon Station armed with a 7.62 or 12.7mm machine gun.