MSPO 2023: Peravia introduces innovative 4U and 6U Spectre eVTOL drones


Peravia Personal Aviation, a Polish aerospace company, is unveiling two notable innovations in the Electric Vertical Takeoff and Landing (eVTOL) sector - the Peravia 6U Spectre and 4U Spectre drones. Peravia's approach differs from conventional VTOL systems that rely on tilt rotors or wings. Their design emphasizes simplicity, lightweight construction, efficiency, and safety. These vehicles can perform vertical takeoffs and transition seamlessly to horizontal flight without complex mechanisms or moving parts, thanks to the GB – Self Vectoring Thruster. This solution offers versatility for various aircraft types.
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The new Peravia 4U Spectre eVTOL (Picture source: Army Recognition)


Peravia asserts that there's no need for tilt wings or rotors, as their Gravity Beyond propulsion system offers an alternative. Safety remains a core aspect of their design, with a distributed propulsion system ensuring redundancy in case of engine failure. The propulsion units at the heart of Peravia's innovation consist of two fans powered by electric motors, controlled through a proprietary algorithm. This technology enables thrust in various directions within the vertical plane, achieving high efficiency, particularly in hover mode.

Peravia's innovations have implications for various sectors. These include more rapid response times for rescue vehicles and the potential for high-speed medical supply transport using drones.

The Peravia 6U Spectre and the Peravia 4U Spectre each come with their own set of specifications. The 6U Spectre, with 6 drive units of different diameters fitted into the flying wing, has dimensions of 1676mm in length, 2900mm in wingspan, and a total height of 346mm. Its fuselage height is 270mm, and it can achieve a maximum takeoff weight (MTOW) of 57 kg. The upward thrust it generates is 970 N, allowing it to reach velocities exceeding 200 km/h, and it has a payload capacity of 22 kg.

On the other hand, the Peravia 4U Spectre offers similar features but in a more compact form. With 4 drive units of different diameters fitted into the flying wing, it has dimensions of 1564mm in length, 2700mm in wingspan, and a total height of 336mm. The fuselage height is 219mm, and its MTOW is 32 kg. It generates an upward thrust of 486 N and can also reach velocities over 200 km/h, with a payload capacity of 8 kg. These specifications are tailored to specific use cases, providing versatility in a more compact design.

Fixed-wing hybrid VTOL drones offer a range of features that make them suitable for diverse applications. One of their notable features is the ability to transition between vertical takeoff and landing (VTOL) and hover modes, providing versatility in deployment, especially in urban environments. This capability simplifies access to confined spaces and contributes to their adaptability.

These drones also excel in extended flight endurance due to their fixed-wing design. This allows them to cover longer distances and remain operational for extended periods, which can enhance efficiency for tasks requiring extensive coverage or monitoring. Additionally, fixed-wing hybrid VTOL drones are known for their capacity to operate at higher speeds, facilitating quick traversal of large areas. This speed advantage proves beneficial in applications where rapid data acquisition or response times are essential, such as surveillance or emergency response.

Furthermore, these drones have an enhanced payload capacity, thanks to their fixed-wing structure. This feature allows them to carry heavier sensors, cameras, or equipment, making them suitable for tasks requiring advanced imaging or data collection capabilities. In terms of applications, fixed-wing hybrid VTOL drones find utility across various sectors. They are commonly used in aerial mapping for generating detailed maps and topographical data due to their extended endurance and coverage capabilities. They also play a crucial role in utility inspection by efficiently examining power lines, pipelines, and other critical infrastructure.

Surveillance applications benefit from these drones' ability to respond quickly to security incidents and provide real-time monitoring over large areas. In agriculture, they contribute to crop monitoring, precision farming, and pesticide application, which can enhance agricultural practices and yields. Additionally, fixed-wing hybrid VTOL drones are valuable in search and rescue operations, thanks to their speed and endurance, which allow for more effective coverage of extensive search areas and improved location capabilities for missing persons or disaster survivors.